Kyrgyz-German Cooperation for Development Policy
Germany and Kyrgyzstan have been interacting in the area of cooperation for development policy since Kyrgyzstan gained independence. Germany’s development cooperation is aligned with the National Sustainable Development Strategy 2013-2017 and the EU Central Asia Strategy (reviewed in 2015). It promotes and supports the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Kyrgyz-German cooperation for development has been making a significant contribution to development of the country for almost 25 years. Germany is one of the major donors in Kyrgyzstan providing bilateral support. It is the largest donor among European Union countries. In addition, Germany provides significant funds under multilateral cooperation, in particular, for joint funding of programmes of the UN, European Union, World Bank, ADB or EBRD which are also highly active in providing development support to Kyrgyzstan in terms of financial and material assistance.
The cooperation focuses on the following policy areas: sustainable economic development and health reforms. Projects in the energy sector are also ongoing. The total amount of funding allocated under the bilateral Financial and Technical Cooperation since the beginning of support in 1992/1993 is almost 310 mln Euro.
Every two years, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany hold negotiations on cooperation for development. The next intergovernmental talks will take place in 2017 in Berlin. They are aimed at supporting the policy dialogue on important development themes, evaluation of the ongoing cooperation and identification of main areas of cooperation in the future.
Cooperation for development is mainly funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Development and Cooperation (BMZ). The programmes are to a large extent implemented through KfW Development Bank and GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH). The technical cooperation of the GIZ is supplemented by programmes of the Federal Physics and Technical Institution (PTB).
Extensive activities of the Hanns Seidel Foundation and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation are also financed by the German Government. The Senior Expert Service (SES), the German Association of People’s Universities (dvv international), the Sparkassenstiftung für internationale Zusammenarbeit and the Deutsche Welle Academy (DWA) do as well get BMZ-financing for activities in Kyrgyzstan. Furthermore, German associations receive funds from the BMZ for their cooperation with Kyrgyz NGOs. Small projects of the German Embassy in Bishkek are a visible and direct contribution to the development of the country.
In addition to support under the bilateral cooperation, the Federal Government provides assistance under the regional and cross border cooperation in Central Asia for climate protection and adaptation, legal and judicial reforms, promotion of trade, resource governance, transboundary water management cooperation in Central Asia, disaster prevention and professional education.