Japan International Cooperation Agency Kyrgyz Republic Office
Brief information about JICA
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is the implementing agency of the Official Development Assistance (ODA) of the Government of Japan. Since the time of its establishment (1974) it has contributed to socioeconomic development and human resources development by facilitating independent and sustainable development in developing countries. Until October, 2008 JICA mainly was engaged in the implementation of technical cooperation with developing countries.
It dispatches highly experienced and skilled Japanese experts to the developing countries that satisfying the country’s requirements. For more effective technology transfer JICA transfers the necessary equipment to those countries.
In addition, JICA dispatches various groups of specialists to study, train, and formulate development plans for developing countries. For less developed countries JICA, in particular, implements basic study and promotes grant aid projects such as building schools, hospitals, and other facilities. Moreover, JICA dispatches volunteers and senior volunteers to developing countries. In the event of natural disasters JICA offers emergency relief to affected countries. Further, engineers, highly qualified specialists, and government employees from the developing countries are invited to Japan to participate in JICA training courses in a wide range of fields.
In connection with the unstable international situation, JICA offers different areas of cooperation for developing countries.
In October, 2008 JICA was reborn as a new agency responsible not only for technical cooperation but also for Grant Aid as well as for yen loans from the Official Development Assistance (ODA) of Japan and became the second largest donor organization after the World Bank.
JICA activities cover fields such as agriculture, social infrastructure building, poverty reduction, public health, et cetera. Also JICA works to control infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS and supports countries transitioning to a market economy. They also work toward reforms of the legal system, peace-building, and post-conflict rehabilitation in countries like Afghanistan and East Timor. Through the participation of various segments of the population, including scientific communities, government, and non-government organizations JICA will continue its activities in the fields mentioned above.
JICA Analytical work was conducted to determine the priority areas for further cooperation. Thus, the overall goal was set as the economic development and poverty eradication by strengthening export competitiveness and promoting business. The 1) Agriculture and Business Promotion, and 2) Development of transport Infrastructure were selected as priority areas.
These directions and those had priority before, have been reflected in the following JICA programs in the Kyrgyz Republic:
1. Acceptance of trainees
From 1993 to the present day more than 1400 citizens (primarily government officials) of the Kyrgyz Republic were trained in Japan in different fields: finance, management, jurisprudence, public health, taxation, ecology, water-energy resources, rural development, etc. The JICA Alumni Association was established in September, 2009.
2. Dispatch of volunteers
JICA volunteers are divided into two categories: Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (ranging in age from 20 to 39) as well as “Senior Volunteers” (ages of 40 to 69). At present, the volunteers are working in the following oblasts of Kyrgyzstan: Chui, Issyk-Kul, Naryn, and Bishkek city. They work in different fields: Japanese language, music, physical training, computer technologies, occupational therapy, community development, etc. 159 Japanese volunteers visited Kyrgyzstan from 2000 to April, 2013.
3.Technical Cooperation Projects
The project “Kyrgyz Republic - Japan Center for Human Development” (Kyrgyz-Japan Center) started in April, 2003. This project is being implemented in Asian countries with transition market economies such as Viet Nam, Laos, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, and others. The function of the centers is human resource development to support the transition to market economy by conducting courses in business, IT, Japanese language, and by promoting cultural exchange to achieve mutual understanding between cultures, which is the main purpose of an international exchange and technical cooperation between two countries. The dispatch of the Agriculture Investment Policy Adviser is planned in 2013.
Apart from that, the implementation of the technical cooperation project: “Training of IT specialists in the Kyrgyz Republic” (the National Information Technology Center was directed to develop both the human resources and IT industry in the Kyrgyz Republic) started training highly qualified specialists in information technologies in 2004.
What is more, the “Community Empowerment Project through Small Business Promotion by One Village – One Product Approach in Issyk-Kul Region”, which targets rural people’s capacity development, has been implemented starting in 2007 in cooperation with the Issyk-Kul Oblast State Government Administration. Additionally, this year, two more technical cooperation projects: “Inclusion of persons with disabilities into the society” and “Project for the Support of the Dissemination of Biogas Technologies in the Kyrgyz Republic” started.
The project “Improvement of Road Maintenance Capacity Building in the Kyrgyz Republic“ was started in 2008 jointly with the Ministry of Transport and Communication of the Kyrgyz Republic (MOTC). In addition to that, in the beginning of 2013 an Agreement between MOTC and JICA was signed on the launch of new Technical Cooperation Project “The Project for Capacity Development for Maintenance Management of Bridges and Tunnels”. The joint forest management approach is being spread out under The project for the Support of Joint Forest Management in the Kyrgyz Republic” started in 2009.
The project “Project for Promotion of Exportable Vegetable Seed Production in the Kyrgyz Republic” was launched in June 2013. The project is designed to contribute to seed industry development through strengthening public and private sectors by improving inspection and certification capacity as well as farmers’ production skills, capacity for international seed business to meet international demand.
4. Dispatch of Experts
A long term expert (more than a year) was dispatched to the Ministry of Economic Regulation of the Kyrgyz Republic for policy-making to develop industry in Kyrgyzstan. In addition, short term experts (less than 1 year) were dispatched for bar coding, development of the textile industry, and food processing. Experts from the National Employment Service of Japan were invited to conduct training in public service to reform the human resources management in the government system. Road Administration Advisor has been dispatched to MOTC since 2008. In 2010 an expert on information-communication technologies development was dispatched with the aim of transferring Japanese technology and skills.
5. Development Study
Development studies are an assistance which creates master plans which are crucial to improving the situation in a developing country. Currently three development studies have been done in the Kyrgyz Republic – “The Study on Integrated Development Plan of Issyk-Kul Zone in the Kyrgyz Republic” (2003-2006), “Study of effective management in agriculture and processing industry in the Kyrgyz Republic” (2004-2007), and “Study on Improvement of Urban Transportation” (2011-2013). In the first Study a master plan for the tourism industry and other related industries in Issyk-Kul region was worked out, taking into consideration of environment protection and the views of local population. In the second study an Action Plan aimed at improving the situation in the field of agriculture through improving the marketing and processing industries was developed and submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Processing Industry of the Kyrgyz Republic. The third study’s purpose is to prepare an Urban Transportation Master Plan up to 2023 to meet the future traffic demands and launch immediate countermeasures taking into consideration the rapid increase in the population and vehicles in the city.
6. Grant Aid
For assistance in improving health care in the Kyrgyz Republic the Government of Japan transferred medical equipment for the following projects: Medical Equipment for the State Children’s Hospital (1995); Up-Grading of Emergency Medical System (1998); Improvement of Medical Equipment of Obstetric and Gynecological Hospitals (2002); Improvement of Child Health Care in the Rural Areas (2003). The grant for the Improvement of Program Production Equipment of the Kyrgyz Republic National TV and Radio Broadcasting Corporation was awarded in 2005. The road maintenance equipment for Naryn, Issyk-Kul and Chui oblasts of the Kyrgyz Republic was supplied in 2007 and 2011. In addition, implementation of the “Japanese Grant Aid for Human Resources Development Scholarship” (JDS) Program started in 2007 with the purpose of allowing students to get master’s degree from programs at leading universities in Japan. JICA promoted the necessary preliminary study to award the above mentioned Grant Aid and implemented those projects. Moreover, JICA was the responsible organization for the preliminary study to award a grant to increase food production. (2KR)
The project on “Reconstruction of bridges in Chui oblast” under which three bridges (on the Alamedin river (42 km), Ala-Archa river (30 km), Ken-Bulun river (25 km)) on an international route were reconstructed was completed in 2011. The Project for the Improvement of the Equipment for Road Maintenance in Chui and Issyk-Kul oblasts was implemented in 2010-2011. In addition to that, in the beginning of 2013 the Grand Agreement on “The Project on Reconstruction of Kok-Art River Bridge on Bishkek-Osh road” was signed between Government of KR and JICA.
The Grant Aid Project for “Provision of Judo Equipment to the State Agency of Physical Culture and Sports under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic” was implemented in 2012-2013.